The state of Texas is America’s second largest state population and area wise. Located in the south-central region of the country, Texas shares borders other with several other American states. These include New Mexico to the west, Louisiana to the east, Oklahoma to the north, Arkansas to the northeast, the Gulf of Mexico to the southeast, and the Mexican states of Nuevo Leon, Chihuahua, Tamaulipas, and Coahuila to the southwest.
The city of Houston is the state’s most populous city and the fourth largest country in the country with San Antonio being the second most populous city and 7th largest in the United States. Following closely are the cities of Fort Worth and Houston being the 4th and 5th largest metropolitan areas in the country statistically. Other major Texas cities include Austin, which is the country’s second most populous state.
The state is also known as the Lone Star State signifying its former status – Texas was once an independent republic – and is also a reminder of its fight to for independence from Mexico. A symbol of a star (The Lone Star) can be seen on the state’s flag and the state’s State seal.
The word “Texas” is derived from the Caddo language word “Tejas” which means “friends”.
Because of Texas’ geological features like the Balcones Fault and its size, the state contains diverse and unique landscapes which resemble the southern and southwestern regions of the US. While Texas is associated with America’s southwestern deserts, no more than 10% of the state’s land area being a desert. A majority of the state’s major centers are built in areas of former grasslands, prairies, coastline, and forests. Traveling from the west to the east, one can see different terrain ranging from the mountains of the Big Bend, the desert, to rugged hills and rolling plains, to piney woods and swamps.
After the civil war, one Texan industry that flourished was Cattle. Because of its long history as an Industrial Center, the state has been associated with the Cowboy image. Texas’ economic fortunes, however, changed at the beginning of the 20th when oil was discovered leading to an economic boom. Heavy investment in Universities led to the state developing a diversified high-tech industry and economy around the mid-20th century. By 2010, Texas shared the top list of states with the most Fortune 500 companies with the state California at 57.
With a growing industry base, Texas leads in many industries, with it leading in industries like computers and electronics, energy, petrochemicals, biomedical sciences, agriculture, and aerospace. The state has led to the nation’s export revenue from 2002 and has America’s second-highest gross state product.